Related Services

Related Services and Supplementary Aids and Services

IDEA '97 mandates that the IEP include "a statement of the special education and related services and supplementary aides and services to be provided to the student…" (Section 614(d)).

Related Services:

The need for related services is individually determined through the PPT.

Related services must have a relationship to the student's educational needs and must be necessary to give the student the opportunity to benefit from his or her specialized instructional program.

IDEA defines related services as

  • transportation
  • speech & language pathology services
  • audiology
  •  physical therapy
  •  occupational therapy
  •  assistive technology
  •  recreation
  •  social work services
  •  medical services (for diagnostic & evaluation purposes only)
  •  school health services
  •  counseling services, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as may be required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education

The district provides related services through its own certified/licensed personnel and also by contracting with other agencies and/or individuals who provide the services.

 Related services can be delivered directly in a one-to-one or group situation or indirectly by consultation with teachers and other school personnel so they may carry out interventions throughout the school day.

 Supplementary Aids and Services:

Supplementary aids and services must support student advancement toward attaining annual goals and/or support the student's involvement and progress in the general curriculum. Examples:


Team meeting time

Functional behavioral assessment

Staff development

Behavioral support plan

Adapted materials

Peer supports, tutorial

Preferential seating

Adjustment in workload/ homework

Consultation with specialist

Strategies instruction

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